西方美术史之入门

最近读将勋的《写给大家的西方美术史》,是一本非常好的西方美术史的入门书,最大体会是艺术不分国界,政治可能改朝换代,宗教信仰可能冲突对立,艺术的形式却是承先启后,无法中断。用一句话概括西方美术史:埃及艺术->希腊艺术->罗马艺术->早期基督教艺术->文艺复兴艺术->新古典主义->浪漫主义->写实主义->印象派->现代艺术(野兽派、立体派、抽象主义、超现实主义、波普艺术、行为艺术等)。其代表作品如下:

埃及艺术

埃及艺术特点:有一种庄严、端正、规矩的纪律之美;埃及人在建筑、绘画、雕刻三方面建立了他们全面的美术成就。

希腊艺术
罗马艺术

希腊艺术&罗马艺术之间的几点特点:
1.罗马艺术传承自希腊艺术,希腊雕像倾向“理想”,而罗马雕刻追求“真实”,成为辨别两大艺术的本质关键。
2希腊,代表神话、史诗和哲学;罗马,代表政治和法制。
3.希腊空间大多为方形,结构上也以垂直和水平的柱梁为主;罗马发展出了新的建筑符号圆拱。

早期基督教艺术
文艺复兴艺术

罗马艺术&早期基督教艺术&文艺复兴艺术之间的几点特点:
1.罗马帝国的权力拥有者信奉希腊诸神,追求权力、财富和肉体上无止境的欲求。
2.早期基督教的信仰与希腊罗马诸神的信仰正好完全相反。
3.早期基督教是穷人的信仰,是受压迫这的信仰,鄙弃肉体,强调禁欲,否定希腊诸神,相信宇宙间唯一的真神。
4.文艺复兴时期,中产阶级日益增大,有着对现世生活的热情,开始摒弃强调禁欲的思想,以理性的方式重新思考信仰,吸收希腊罗马艺术,肯定世俗繁华与感官享受,融入基督教性灵生活,追求精神升华。

新古典主义
浪漫主义
写实主义

新古典主义&浪漫主义&写实主义之间的几点特点:
1.新古典主义试图回到古代,试图以希腊、罗马的传统为最高美学标准,画面结构严谨,人物配合精准的解剖学比例,空间合于科学的三度深透视,架构了西方学院美术的一套准则。
2.浪漫主义发现了新古典主义的限制,没有热情的理性会徒具躯壳,流于空洞的教条形式,吸收了非洲、亚洲,甚至美洲异国风情,迷恋激情,相信激情比理性更能成为创作的动力。
3.浪漫主义修正了新古典主义的过分拘谨,打破了理性的框架,却又把人们带到感官迷乱的状态。
4.写实主义默默回到土地上,走向平凡朴实的小镇农村,叩访土地里劳苦生活的平民百姓,用最谦逊不炫耀的色彩书写土地与人的故事。

印象派
野兽派
立体派
抽象主义
超现实主义
波普艺术

33,675人评论了“西方美术史之入门”

  1. I simply desired to thank you very much once again. I am not sure the things that I would have tried without the entire tricks documented by you on such industry. It had been a very scary setting in my circumstances, nevertheless witnessing the very specialized tactic you dealt with it took me to weep over contentment. I will be happier for your service and in addition hope that you realize what a great job you were doing instructing the rest with the aid of your web site. More than likely you’ve never come across all of us.

  2. A lot of thanks for all of the effort on this web page. My daughter really loves conducting research and it’s simple to grasp why. My spouse and i learn all about the compelling ways you make insightful guidance via this blog and therefore cause participation from visitors on the point so our favorite girl has been being taught a lot of things. Have fun with the rest of the year. You are always carrying out a brilliant job.

  3. I needed to draft you a little note just to say thanks as before relating to the amazing pointers you have discussed on this page. It has been really unbelievably open-handed of people like you to convey publicly precisely what a few individuals could have marketed as an e book to help make some profit for themselves, primarily seeing that you could have done it if you decided. Those tips as well acted to become a good way to fully grasp that the rest have the same zeal the same as my very own to figure out very much more when considering this problem. Certainly there are lots of more fun times up front for those who scan your website.

  4. I simply needed to thank you very much once again. I do not know the things I would have done without the basics provided by you directly on such a subject matter. Previously it was an absolute frustrating scenario in my circumstances, however , being able to see this skilled strategy you processed the issue took me to leap for joy. I will be happier for your assistance and even sincerely hope you realize what a great job your are providing teaching some other people all through your web blog. Most probably you haven’t met any of us.

  5. Magnificent beat ! I wish to apprentice whilst you amend your site, how could i subscribe for a weblog web site?
    The account helped me a appropriate deal. I were tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered vivid
    transparent idea

  6. I truly wanted to send a quick note to be able to say thanks to you for these amazing points you are giving out at this website. My extensive internet research has finally been paid with awesome facts to write about with my close friends. I ‘d tell you that many of us visitors are quite lucky to exist in a wonderful website with many perfect professionals with useful basics. I feel very much happy to have used your web pages and look forward to so many more amazing minutes reading here. Thank you again for a lot of things.

  7. I want to get across my respect for your generosity giving support to men and women who absolutely need assistance with this important concept. Your real dedication to passing the message all-around appeared to be quite powerful and has frequently permitted guys just like me to get to their goals. Your personal insightful guideline can mean so much to me and further more to my office colleagues. Thank you; from all of us.

  8. My wife and i got very happy Emmanuel could deal with his reports with the ideas he grabbed out of your weblog. It’s not at all simplistic just to choose to be giving for free procedures that many people may have been making money from. And we already know we need you to give thanks to because of that. These explanations you made, the straightforward web site menu, the friendships you can aid to promote – it’s mostly remarkable, and it’s helping our son in addition to our family recognize that the subject matter is brilliant, which is extraordinarily pressing. Thank you for the whole thing!

  9. Needed to create you this bit of remark to thank you over again over the lovely thoughts you have contributed on this site. It was simply pretty generous of people like you to allow easily all a few people might have advertised as an e-book to help make some money on their own, most importantly given that you could have tried it if you wanted. Those strategies additionally acted to be a fantastic way to be sure that someone else have similar desire like my very own to know the truth a lot more concerning this issue. I’m certain there are some more fun occasions in the future for individuals that look into your website.

  10. I simply wanted to thank you very much yet again. I am not sure what I could possibly have implemented in the absence of the actual tricks shared by you concerning such a concern. It had become the frightful circumstance in my opinion, but noticing a new skilled mode you handled it made me to leap over joy. Now i am happy for your assistance and even have high hopes you know what a powerful job that you are putting in training the rest through the use of your web site. More than likely you haven’t met all of us.

  11. A lot of thanks for all of the efforts on this site. My mom really loves going through research and it’s really easy to understand why. Most people hear all about the dynamic form you create sensible strategies through your web blog and as well increase participation from other people about this content then our own girl has always been becoming educated a lot of things. Take advantage of the rest of the year. Your doing a brilliant job.

  12. I enjoy you because of all your valuable efforts on this web site. Kim enjoys getting into investigation and it is easy to see why. All of us learn all concerning the lively medium you render informative thoughts via your web site and in addition attract participation from some others on this article so our favorite child is undoubtedly understanding a great deal. Take pleasure in the rest of the new year. You have been performing a dazzling job.

  13. I’m commenting to let you understand what a nice experience our princess obtained using the blog. She picked up numerous things, most notably how it is like to have a marvelous teaching style to let the others smoothly comprehend chosen extremely tough topics. You truly did more than her expectations. Thank you for distributing the informative, dependable, edifying and even fun tips about the topic to Julie.

  14. Thanks for all your hard work on this website. My daughter loves getting into investigations and it’s really easy to see why. My partner and i know all relating to the compelling ways you give informative suggestions through your blog and in addition attract contribution from some others about this area plus our princess is certainly becoming educated a great deal. Take pleasure in the rest of the new year. You are conducting a powerful job.

  15. I just wanted to jot down a message in order to thank you for some of the magnificent steps you are sharing at this website. My rather long internet research has at the end of the day been rewarded with awesome information to go over with my good friends. I ‘d assert that many of us site visitors actually are extremely fortunate to live in a decent site with many perfect professionals with valuable basics. I feel really happy to have discovered your webpage and look forward to many more brilliant moments reading here. Thanks a lot once again for all the details.

  16. Within the other hand, it doesn’t matter how high quality you are along with solving the latest platform, in due course you can utilize a situation in the place you should want to do a couple help approaching; additionally influenced by your actual age moreover gym, plus the dietary of any caravan it’s really a notably difficult physical fitness. caravan touch up paint

  17. My wife and i were glad that Edward could deal with his reports with the ideas he discovered in your web site. It’s not at all simplistic to just find yourself freely giving hints that people could have been making money from. And we fully grasp we need the blog owner to thank for this. All the explanations you have made, the simple web site navigation, the friendships you can give support to promote – it is many superb, and it is making our son in addition to the family feel that that issue is awesome, and that is tremendously vital. Thanks for all the pieces!

  18. My husband and i got absolutely satisfied that Emmanuel could complete his inquiry from your ideas he made using your blog. It’s not at all simplistic just to choose to be giving away facts that most people may have been making money from. We really fully understand we need the website owner to thank because of that. All the explanations you have made, the straightforward web site menu, the relationships you will assist to engender – it’s mostly great, and it is making our son in addition to our family understand that subject matter is pleasurable, and that’s truly pressing. Thank you for everything!

  19. A lot of thanks for all of the effort on this web page. Debby really loves carrying out investigation and it’s simple to grasp why. All of us hear all concerning the compelling medium you provide both interesting and useful steps via this web site and therefore attract contribution from others on that concept then our favorite child is now studying so much. Have fun with the rest of the new year. You are always conducting a glorious job.

  20. I not to mention my guys appeared to be going through the excellent recommendations located on your web blog while immediately got a terrible feeling I never expressed respect to the web blog owner for those strategies. Those people are already as a result warmed to study all of them and already have in actuality been tapping into them. Thank you for indeed being so thoughtful and also for going for such fabulous ideas millions of individuals are really wanting to be aware of. Our sincere apologies for not expressing appreciation to you sooner.

  21. Thanks so much for giving everyone remarkably marvellous chance to read in detail from this web site. It’s always very sweet plus packed with amusement for me personally and my office acquaintances to search your web site nearly 3 times weekly to see the new issues you have. Of course, I’m just at all times satisfied concerning the unbelievable opinions served by you. Certain 1 areas in this post are ultimately the best I have had.

  22. I must point out my admiration for your kind-heartedness for women who have the need for assistance with this particular topic. Your real dedication to getting the solution across had been really good and has continually made most people like me to arrive at their objectives. Your amazing insightful publication implies a great deal to me and a whole lot more to my colleagues. Thank you; from all of us.

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注