中国文化精神

最近读了许倬云的《中国文化的精神》,许老也是忧国忧民,出于对当今世界形势的担忧,西方文明已经快到穷途末路,或许只有中国文化才能拯救世界。许老出生名门望族,学识渊博,经历丰富,有大师之范,深入浅出地道出了中国文化的精神,核心为天地人神体系——自然崇拜和祖神崇拜结合为一。

宇宙始于混沌状态,就如一个巨大的圆卵,圆卵突然裂开,其中坐了一个盘古,他举手将轻清的空气往上推,成为天空,将重浊的物质往下压,成为地面,盘古的骨骼成为山岭,血脉成为河流,毛发成为草木——世界出现了。宇宙的创造者和宇宙本身是一体的,是以“人”为主体。这种宇宙观始于春秋时期,即中国文化的轴心时代,将自然崇拜和祖神崇拜结合为一,从上有天、地、日、月延伸到人间,然后有深入到人体内部,构建一个四个层次的天地人神体系。在时间上,将过去和现在以及人生的生前和死后,构建为一个不断流变的过程。时空配合为一个巨大的系统,其中各个部分则有多元互动,多元成分之间——阴阳论、五行论,将宇宙看作一个各个部分和各个因素互动的秩序。

宇宙

许老在书中还讲述了的中国历法、 五行论、易经、人际网络、 儒道佛三家融合和明代四部通俗小说解读等,这对中国文化的理解颇有帮助,值得细读品味。

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