纵观中国美术史,最爱八大山人

中国画起源于文字——甲骨文,可谓书画同源。第一个留下名字的大画家是顾恺之,已经在东晋时期,留下的代表作有《女史箴图》和《列女传图》,大多是根据文学作品的描述来创作的,这个时期的画风可以叫做”春蚕吐丝“。

敦煌石窟记录了中国绘画的发展,从印度佛像逐步本土化,到了唐代,完全形成中国特色的佛像,同时发展了宫廷画,以画帝王、贵族、国事、马等政治题材为主,代表作有阎立本的《历代帝王图》和《步辇图》,到唐中后期,开始出现女性为题材的作品,如张萱的《虢国夫人游春图》和周昉的《簪花仕女图》,山水画呈现青绿山水或金碧山水风格。

五代,荆(浩)、关(仝)、董(源)、巨(然)四人开创了中国山水水墨画的技法。荆浩的《匡庐图》、关仝的《关山行旅图》、董源的《潇湘图》、巨然的《秋山问道图》。

北宋之后,画风变得非常严谨,有很多写实的花鸟画,如赵昌的《岁朝图》。山水画也一样“格物”,经过写生的观察训练,对每一种岩石的质地、皴法研究,对水的波纹、树叶的构成,甚至季节的变化,都仔细加以观察分析,产生了中国最好的山水画,如范宽的《溪山行旅图》。北宋的山水画以纵向为主,表现高大的山,到南宋常常画成横卷,表现秀气的山。如马远的《山径春行图》,此次诗、书、画开始结合在一起,并发展出了以兰、竹、梅为主题的人文画。宋代经济繁荣、商业发达,出现很多描绘城市居民生活景象的画,成为宋代绘画的一个特色,最著名的是张择端的《清明上河图》,宋代的人物画以普通市民为主。

宋末元初,开始追求“自然”、“随意”,“元四大家”,吴镇的《渔父图》、黄公望的《富春山居图》、倪瓒的《容膝斋图》、王蒙的《青卞隐居图》,都有一种文人隐士风格。

明代发扬了文人画,领导人物是沈周,还有诗书画三绝的文徽明、个性潇洒的唐寅,泼墨的徐渭。明末四僧:八大山人、石涛、渐江、石溪。其中八大山人的画达到了中国水墨画“简单”的极致,代表作《鱼石图》。

清代之后,受西方绘画影响,开始画日常蔬果写生画,很像水彩画。齐白石也经常以这类题材为画,他原来学习的八大山人的画,后来又加上了鲜艳的颜色,是中国画充满了华丽的色彩。徐悲鸿是最早到欧洲学习西方绘画的中国画家之一,用中国画水墨画的工具,加上西方的技巧训练,创造了一种新的水墨画风格。

37,670人评论了“纵观中国美术史,最爱八大山人”

  1. I love what you guys tend to be up too. This kind of clever work and exposure! Keep up the awesome works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll.

  2. Whoa! This blog looks exactly like my old one! It’s on a entirely different topic but it has pretty much the same page layout and design. Excellent choice of colors!

  3. I truly wanted to type a simple comment to be able to thank you for some of the stunning tips you are posting on this site. My time-consuming internet lookup has now been recognized with excellent details to exchange with my relatives. I ‘d believe that we visitors are rather endowed to exist in a fine site with so many awesome people with interesting pointers. I feel pretty lucky to have seen your web site and look forward to plenty of more cool times reading here. Thanks once again for all the details.

  4. 纵观中国美术史,最爱八大山人 –
    飞箭之峰 dominoqq apk modhttp://jl-trip.net/home.php?mod=space&uid=7394&do=profile&from=space poker228 – bandarq online
    situs dominoqq agen poker

  5. Yesterday, while I was at work, my sister stole my iphone and tested to see if it can survive a twenty five foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now broken and she has 83 views. I know this is totally off topic but I had to share it with someone!| а

  6. Thanks for your whole hard work on this blog. Gloria loves setting aside time for internet research and it is easy to see why. We hear all about the compelling means you produce useful strategies via the website and as well as encourage response from other people on that theme so our child has been becoming educated a whole lot. Have fun with the remaining portion of the year. You have been conducting a fantastic job.

  7. Ihre Kommentare kamen, nachdem die WHO am Mittwoch die Tests des Malariamedikaments Hydroxychloroquin im Rahmen der
    Studie zur Behandlung von COVID-19-Patienten eingestellt hatte,
    nachdem Studien darauf hindeuteten, dass es keinen Nutzen bei denjenigen zeigte, die die Krankheit haben.
    Zum Inhalt springen

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注