纵观中国美术史,最爱八大山人

中国画起源于文字——甲骨文,可谓书画同源。第一个留下名字的大画家是顾恺之,已经在东晋时期,留下的代表作有《女史箴图》和《列女传图》,大多是根据文学作品的描述来创作的,这个时期的画风可以叫做”春蚕吐丝“。

敦煌石窟记录了中国绘画的发展,从印度佛像逐步本土化,到了唐代,完全形成中国特色的佛像,同时发展了宫廷画,以画帝王、贵族、国事、马等政治题材为主,代表作有阎立本的《历代帝王图》和《步辇图》,到唐中后期,开始出现女性为题材的作品,如张萱的《虢国夫人游春图》和周昉的《簪花仕女图》,山水画呈现青绿山水或金碧山水风格。

五代,荆(浩)、关(仝)、董(源)、巨(然)四人开创了中国山水水墨画的技法。荆浩的《匡庐图》、关仝的《关山行旅图》、董源的《潇湘图》、巨然的《秋山问道图》。

北宋之后,画风变得非常严谨,有很多写实的花鸟画,如赵昌的《岁朝图》。山水画也一样“格物”,经过写生的观察训练,对每一种岩石的质地、皴法研究,对水的波纹、树叶的构成,甚至季节的变化,都仔细加以观察分析,产生了中国最好的山水画,如范宽的《溪山行旅图》。北宋的山水画以纵向为主,表现高大的山,到南宋常常画成横卷,表现秀气的山。如马远的《山径春行图》,此次诗、书、画开始结合在一起,并发展出了以兰、竹、梅为主题的人文画。宋代经济繁荣、商业发达,出现很多描绘城市居民生活景象的画,成为宋代绘画的一个特色,最著名的是张择端的《清明上河图》,宋代的人物画以普通市民为主。

宋末元初,开始追求“自然”、“随意”,“元四大家”,吴镇的《渔父图》、黄公望的《富春山居图》、倪瓒的《容膝斋图》、王蒙的《青卞隐居图》,都有一种文人隐士风格。

明代发扬了文人画,领导人物是沈周,还有诗书画三绝的文徽明、个性潇洒的唐寅,泼墨的徐渭。明末四僧:八大山人、石涛、渐江、石溪。其中八大山人的画达到了中国水墨画“简单”的极致,代表作《鱼石图》。

清代之后,受西方绘画影响,开始画日常蔬果写生画,很像水彩画。齐白石也经常以这类题材为画,他原来学习的八大山人的画,后来又加上了鲜艳的颜色,是中国画充满了华丽的色彩。徐悲鸿是最早到欧洲学习西方绘画的中国画家之一,用中国画水墨画的工具,加上西方的技巧训练,创造了一种新的水墨画风格。

39,356人评论了“纵观中国美术史,最爱八大山人”

  1. I as well as my friends were examining the best tips and hints on the website and then then came up with a terrible suspicion I had not thanked you for those strategies. My boys are already consequently glad to read them and have truly been taking pleasure in those things. Thank you for simply being quite kind and also for figuring out this sort of remarkable ideas most people are really needing to learn about. My honest apologies for not saying thanks to you earlier.

  2. I precisely had to appreciate you again. I do not know the things that I might have carried out without the type of solutions documented by you directly on such subject matter. It previously was the challenging issue for me personally, however , taking a look at a new expert technique you solved it forced me to leap over delight. I am just happier for the advice and then believe you know what a powerful job you have been providing teaching people today through your websites. I am certain you have never come across all of us.

  3. You made some good points there. I looked on the internet for additional information about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this web site.|

  4. I am only writing to make you understand what a remarkable experience our princess undergone viewing your webblog. She picked up such a lot of things, with the inclusion of what it is like to possess an ideal teaching spirit to make the mediocre ones without difficulty master specified tortuous topics. You undoubtedly surpassed readers’ expected results. Thanks for rendering those useful, trustworthy, revealing as well as unique tips on your topic to Sandra.

  5. Hi my loved one! I wish to say that this article is awesome, great written and include
    almost all significant infos. I would like to look extra posts like this .

  6. Thanks a lot for giving everyone an extremely spectacular opportunity to discover important secrets from this site. It is often very pleasant and also full of fun for me personally and my office friends to visit your blog the equivalent of 3 times in a week to see the new stuff you will have. And definitely, I am just actually fulfilled considering the brilliant creative concepts you serve. Certain 3 points on this page are essentially the finest I have ever had.

  7. A lot of thanks for all of the hard work on this web page. My daughter take interest in getting into internet research and it is easy to understand why. We all learn all regarding the compelling tactic you provide simple tips and tricks by means of this web blog and in addition improve response from some others on this area of interest while our favorite daughter is in fact studying a great deal. Take advantage of the rest of the year. You are carrying out a terrific job.

  8. Hi there, You have done an incredible job. I’ll certainly digg it and personally suggest to my friends. I’m sure they will be benefited from this web site.|

  9. A lot of thanks for all your valuable labor on this web site. My mum really likes carrying out research and it is easy to see why. My spouse and i notice all regarding the compelling form you deliver helpful steps on this website and cause response from some other people on that area then our favorite daughter has been studying a lot of things. Take advantage of the remaining portion of the new year. You are always carrying out a terrific job.

  10. I simply wanted to type a small remark in order to express gratitude to you for these splendid instructions you are giving on this site. My time consuming internet search has now been recognized with beneficial facts and strategies to share with my pals. I would believe that we readers actually are definitely fortunate to exist in a great community with very many outstanding professionals with useful advice. I feel really happy to have come across your entire site and look forward to really more thrilling moments reading here. Thank you once more for a lot of things.

  11. Hey there I am so thrilled I found your blog page, I really found you by error, while I was researching on Google for something else, Nonetheless I am here now and would just like to say thanks for a tremendous post and a all round entertaining blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to look over it all at the moment but I have bookmarked it and also added your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read more, Please do keep up the awesome b.|

  12. I must voice my gratitude for your generosity for women who really want help on in this theme. Your personal dedication to passing the solution throughout appeared to be certainly productive and has in every case enabled associates much like me to get to their aims. Your entire warm and helpful report can mean so much a person like me and further more to my colleagues. With thanks; from all of us.

  13. I not to mention my pals appeared to be following the good helpful tips on your web site then at once I had a terrible feeling I never expressed respect to the web blog owner for those secrets. All the men are actually so happy to read through all of them and have in fact been using them. Many thanks for turning out to be indeed kind and then for going for this kind of impressive themes millions of individuals are really desirous to discover. My very own honest apologies for not saying thanks to sooner.

  14. This is ensured after the tests performed, encapsulating all prospects and possibilities which can drive any
    touch spell generating unconfined GTA 5 money.

  15. I do not know whether it’s just me or if perhaps everybody else encountering issues with your site. It appears as if some of the text within your content are running off the screen. Can somebody else please comment and let me know if this is happening to them as well? This could be a problem with my browser because I’ve had this happen previously. Kudos|

  16. Thank you so much for giving everyone a very spectacular possiblity to check tips from this blog. It’s usually so lovely and jam-packed with a great time for me personally and my office mates to visit your web site nearly three times in a week to read through the latest guides you have. Not to mention, I’m so at all times happy for the beautiful advice you give. Certain 4 facts on this page are undoubtedly the best we have all ever had.

  17. I simply wished to thank you very much once again. I’m not certain what I might have created without these basics discussed by you on such subject. It was before a troublesome setting for me, nevertheless spending time with a professional avenue you resolved the issue forced me to jump over gladness. I’m happier for this guidance and then trust you are aware of a great job you’re doing teaching other individuals all through your webblog. More than likely you’ve never got to know all of us.

  18. I think other web-site proprietors should take this website as an model, very clean and magnificent user friendly style and design, let alone the content. You are an expert in this topic!

  19. I and my friends were actually checking the good guides from your web page then all of a sudden got a terrible feeling I had not thanked the website owner for those tips. Most of the people are already totally happy to see them and have in effect really been taking pleasure in them. Many thanks for indeed being very thoughtful and for picking this sort of remarkable themes most people are really eager to be aware of. Our own sincere regret for not expressing appreciation to you earlier.

  20. I would like to show my admiration for your generosity in support of those people that really need assistance with in this subject. Your special dedication to passing the solution all-around came to be amazingly productive and have always made guys just like me to arrive at their targets. Your entire warm and friendly facts implies a great deal to me and especially to my office workers. Best wishes; from each one of us.

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注